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eilean donan castle history


Eilean Donan Castle History. Manning a vast castle was expensive and difficult, and a smaller building on a tiny island was just as easily defended — by fewer soldiers. Sep 19, 2017 - Explore Eilean Donan Castle's board "Eilean Donan Castle ♥ Internal Shots" on Pinterest. First castle built on the island possibly by either King Alexander II or III to help strengthen defences against the Danes or by Farquar II, Earl of Ross. Taking photos. Eilean Donan Castle History The Island of Donan was named after a 6th century Irish saint. Eilean Donan Castle: History - See 4,311 traveller reviews, 4,329 candid photos, and great deals for Kyle of Lochalsh, UK, at Tripadvisor. The first known inhabitants on the island were a Christian order who dedicated a church to the 7th-century Saint Donnan of Eigg, but it wasn’t until the 13th-century that the island changed from a site of religious worship to a fortified castle. The original structure dates back to the first of the 13 th century. No remains of any Christian buildings survive, though fragments of vitrified stone, subjected to very high temperatures, have been discovered indicating the presence of an Iron Age or early medieval fortification. Eilean Donan Castle is operated by The Conchra Charitable Trust and is a Registered Scottish Charity (SC 017346) regulated by The Scottish Charity Register (OSCR)." Lines Open (Mon-Fri, 9am-5pm) Phone orders +44 (0)1622 370505 They all have picturesque locations but they are super different in the inside. Eilean Donan has made several appearances in films, beginning with Bonnie Prince Charlie in 1948 and The Master of Ballantrae in 1953. Sehen Sie sich alle 55 Touren für Eilean Donan Castle … Arguably the darkest part of Eilean Donan Castle’s history is when it played a role in the Jacobite risings of the 17th and 18th centuries. eilean donan castle - scotlands most romantic castle. The name Eilean Donan ‘Island of Donan’ established probably through use as a chapel site by Saint Donnan of Eigg. All my photos of the Castle: external views-- courtyard scenes-- the bridge. In 1719, the castle was occupied by a force of Spaniards, who were allies of the Jacobites, but they were defeated by three ships of the Royal Navy, who captured the castle. Inside the castle, you might be impressed at all the modern amenities! It stands on an island where three lochs meet in the Highlands of Scotland. A detailed history of the castle is given on my Eilean Donan History page. Jahrhundert. History of the Highlander Castle- Eilean Donan Eilean Donan Castle depicts stories of hatred, jealousy, wars along with love and desire. Eilean Donan Castle is one of Scotland’s most beautiful,The castle was founded in the thirteenth century, and became a stronghold of the Clan Mackenzie and their allies the Clan Macrae. The name Eilean Donan is Gaelic for Island of Donan and Donan … To understand the castle’s backstory, you first have to look at the location. Eilean Donan is one of the most-visited places in the Scottish Highlands and once you've been there, it's easy enough to see why. Eilean Donan Castle Scotland, or island of Donan, was not originally built on the islet. Ein Muss für Burgenfans, für Highland-Fans sowieso! The castle lay in ruins for around 200 years until the island way bought by Lt Colonel John Macrae-Gilstrap. Eilean Donan Castle history. From the get-go, the castle was hooked up to electric lighting, and even had a complete central heating system. As it held such a strategic position Eilean Donan was a constant target, and the attackers were usually one branch of the Clan MacDonald, or another. Eilean Donan History; Timeline; Explore; Stay with Us. In 1719, the castle was occupied by 46 Spanish soldiers who were part of the force sent to raise support for the Jacobites in Scotland. Lochs, Eilean Donan Castle has an interesting history and offers daily tours and tickets to explore the place on your own. What has been discovered by archaeologists is vitrified rock — a common practice during the Iron Age, when the builders of hillforts subjected their walls to high temperatures and fused and even melted the stone. During the civil wars in the mid 17th century, the castle was briefly held by a Parliamentarian garrison, but it was not long before it was back in Royalist hands. Eilean Donan Castle Eilean Donan is the über-castle of the Highlands, perched on a rocky islet in a tidal loch on the road to the Isle of Skye. When MacRae-Gilstrap returned from the first World War, he discovered this and decided to allow the plans to go ahead. The castle frequently appears in photographs, films and television programmes, The castle lies about 1 kilometre (0.62 mi) from the village of Dornie. Die in der Burg präsentierten Ausstellungsstücke dokumentieren die Geschichte der Burg, ihrer Umgebung und der Macrae-Familie. Eilean Donan er ei lita øy i Loch Duich vest i Highland i Skottland.Ho er landfast via ei gangbru og ligg om lag ein kilometer frå landsbyen Dornie.Eilean Donan (som tyder «øya til Donnán») er kalla opp etter Donnán av Eigg, ein keltisk helgen frå mellomalderen.Øya er dominert av eit pittoersk slott. A different legend states that the island was the burial place of the King of the Otters, whose descendants can be seen on the shores to this day. It is located in the Dornie region of the Scottish Highlands. English: Eilean Donan Castle is a rebuilt castle at Dornie in the Scottish Highlands. Overtime the castle has … Eilean Donan or Eilean Donan Castle is one of the most famous castles in the world and the most beautiful castle in Scotland. The ruined walls of this castle have witnessed courage and valour along with hatred when the castle was initially built as a protective system for the land of Kintail, against the mighty Vikings. Partially destroyed in a Jacobite uprising in 1719, Eilean Donan lay in ruins for the best part of 200 years until Lieutenant Colonel John MacRae-Gilstrap bought the island in 1911 and proceeded to restore the castle to its former glory. Churches were built in the area and it is thought that the Island of Donan was used as a Christian … A land assault followed, and the outnumbered Span… The castle is located at the confluence of the three lakes of Loch Duich, Loch Long and Loch Alsh. It is possible that an early Christian monastic cell was founded on the island in the 6th or 7th century, dedicated to Donnán of Eigg, an Irish saint who was martyred on Eigg in April 617. Eilean Donan was our third castle after Stirling and Inveraray and they all were worth the visits! History tells us that the huge original castle and surrounding wall, which encompassed the whole island, was built by Kenneth MacKenzie, of the MacKenzie Clan. It is, without doubt, a Scottish icon and certainly one of the most popular visitor attractions in the Highlands. In 618 the monastery … The original castle was pretty much destroyed in the 17 th and 18 th century because of the Jacobite uprising. Pictures of Eilean Donan Castle and the Kintail area of the Scottish Highlands. Named after the small West Highland tidal island on which it sits and where the sea lochs of Loch Alsh, Loch Duich and Loch Long meet in majestic setting, Eilean Donan Castle has a history that stretches back through the dim mists of time. The medieval castle on the small tidal island of Eilean Donan, heavily restored in the early 20th century, may have occupied the site of an earlier fort, though evaluations in 2008 and further excavation in 2009 and 2010 did not encounter any remains of it. This post contains affiliate links which means if you purchase something from the link, I may receive a small commission at no cost to you. Taken by myself as a 2×6 segment panorama with a Canon 5D and 85mm f/1.8 lens. Eilean Donan Castle, Scotland. The stunningly beautiful Eilean Donan Castle dominates the landscape as it sits regally on a small island at the point of where three great sea lochs meet. Since then, at least four different versions of the castle have been built and re-built as the feudal history of Scotland unfolded through the centuries. Eilean Donan also played a role in the Jacobite risings of the 17th and 18th centuries, which ultimately culminated in the castle’s destruction… In 1719 the castle was garrisoned by 46 Spanish soldiers who were supporting the Jacobites. Eilean Donan Castle is ranked #4 out of 11 things to do in Scottish Highlands. The castle on Eilean Donan, a small island in Loch Duich in the western Scottish Highlands.The castle, which was built in the 13th century and destroyed in the 18th century, is widely familiar from many photographs and appearances in film and television. Today’s castle dates from 1912-32. It’s a really beautiful castle with an incredibly rich history. By the 13th century, the clear views and access from the castle down the loch towards Skye and the Atlantic Ocean motivated the Mackenzie and Macrae clans to build their fortress castle there. Eilean Donan was Clan MacKenzie’s most important stronghold from the 13th Century until it was destroyed in 1719. Donnán von Eigg[1] hin, einen keltischen Märtyrer aus dem 6. Website by West Coast Media, Prestigious Highlands & Islands Awards Win. Eilean Donan castle was restored in the early part of the 20th Century and it was discovered that the castle had not lain completely empty while in its ruinous state. In Gaelic, ‘Eilean Donan’ means ‘The Island of Donan’, and this name refers to the legend that the 6th century Irish Saint Donnán lived on the island for a time, before being martyred on the island of Eigg. Eilean Donan first served as a look-out to warn local settlers of possible Viking attack. EILEAN DONAN CASTLE: A BRIEF HISTORY…. Eilean Donan Castle. Scenic Loch Duich and the Mam Ratagan Pass. During the 13th century Alexander II built the first incarnation of Eilean Donan to defend the surrounding mountains of Kintail and the Isle of Skye against the Viking hordes. He had many adventures, travelling for many years, and over many miles, before returning to his homeland. The Eilean Donan Castle in Scotland is like a fairy tale location: Eilean Donan Castle was originally built in 13th Century (by the Clan Mackenzie and Clan Macrae) in order to defend the area from invading Vikings who controlled most of Northern Scotland between 800 and 1266 AD. History. The defensive structure had existed already in ancient times on the rocky island of volcanic origin, washed by the water from Lake Loch Duich. It is near Dornie by the Kyle of Lochalsh on the west coast of Scotland, approximately 120 kms from Inverness. What has been discovered by archaeologists is … Eilean Donan Castle History. St Donan lived there with his brothers. They had established a magazine of gunpowder, and were awaiting the delivery of weapons and cannon from Spain. Eilean Donan. By the late 1300s, the size of the castle had reduced to around 20% of the earlier size. By the end of the 6th century a monastery was erected on the island. The island was the site of a monastic cell founded by the Irish bishop, St Donan, which is where the name Eilean Donan (Island of Donan) came from. After crossing an arched stone bridge, visitors may recognize the setting from such films as Highlander and The World Is Not Enough. Probably not their King though, Eilean Donan and Scottish Highland Scenery. Eilean Donan Castle is now owned by the Conchra Charitable Trust and is maintained for the public at large. Over the years, the castle saw expansions and contractions in its size. It is located on Eilean Donan, an island near the point where the sea lochs Loch Duich, Loch Alsh and Loch Long meet. Driving holiday in Scotland - visit to one of the most famous castles - yes.. its the 'Highlander' castle :) Joanne Mackenzie-Winters : Eilean Donan appears to have been built on the remains of a Pictish fort, which were found during castle excavations. The highest point of the island housed the substantial main keep, and towers gave excellent opportunity to spot any encroaching Vikings, and fire down upon them. The other clans who have held a long historical relationship with the castle include the MacRaes (the personal bodyguards of the Chief of the MacKenzie clan), the MacLennans, and the MacKenzies, with the defence and ownership of Eilean Donan switching between these allies over the centuries. Eilean Donan Castle History. Even for shallow-keeled boats, the waters around Eilean Donan are not very deep and, as such, potential attackers would have to wade ashore, their woollen garments, arms and armour weighing them down before they even got close to the walls. Cart; COVID-19 ; Book Tickets; Contact Us Due to COVID our online shop is currently disabled. A Detailed History of the Eilean Donan Castle . The history of Eilean Donan Castle. After crossing an arched stone bridge, visitors may recognize the setting from such films as Highlander and The World Is Not Enough. Description. Getting There: Eilean Donan Castle Dornie by Kyle of Lochalsh IV40 8DX Scotland. Eilean Donan Castle ist ein wunderschönes Highlight nach einer Rundfahrt auf der wildromantischen Insel Skye, der Heimat des Clan MacLeod. Ihre heutigen Gebäude wurden nach früheren Strukturen angelegt, aber etwas größer als der Originalbau. The English Government caught wind of the intended … 12th / 13th Century. Eilean Donan Castle is one of the most recognisable castles in the world. Seit 1955 ist Eilean Donan Castle ein öffentlich zugängliches Museum, das jedes Jahr über 300.000 Besucher anzieht. Eilean Donan Castle (schottisch-gälisch: Eilean Donnain) ist eine Niederungsburg in der Nähe von Dornie, einem kleinen Dorf in Schottland. The history of Eilean Donan Castle. Eilean Donan Cottage. We and our partners use cookies to better understand your needs, improve performance and provide you with personalised content and advertisements. This view from north was made at high tide. Over a thousand years before the medieval surveyor marked out the lines of the fortifications that we see today, the vitrified defenses of an earlier fortification encircled the small knoll on the island. Since then, She has been built and re-built on at least four occasions as Scotland’s feudal history unfolded through the centuries. The first documented castle was built in the 13th century during the reign of the Scottish King Alexander II. The ruined walls of this castle have witnessed courage and valour along with hatred when the castle was initially built as a protective system for the land of Kintail, against the mighty Vikings. Wir empfehlen Ihnen, Touren für Eilean Donan Castle frühzeitig zu buchen, um sich einen Platz zu sichern. The title of ‘most photographed’ could arguably fall to Edinburgh Castle, by virtue of its visitor-friendly location, but head outside the capital and this title is likely to be claimed by Eilean Donan Castle. This support for the crown was soon to lead to the castle’s downfall, when the majority of Highlanders stood by the exiled King James (earning themselves the now-famous name ‘Jacobites’). It was located on a small rocky island on Loch Duich fiord in the western Highlands of Scotland. Perched on a small island (which it takes its name from) in the western Scottish Highlands, it’s one of the country’s most picturesque sights.. Eilean Donnain Castle is a very popular historical place. The castle as it stands today, is a rebuild. Robert the Bruce was given refuge in Eilean Donan Castle by John MacKenzie, Second of Kintail when he was being hunted by the English at the beginning of the fourteenth century. Eilean Donan castle is considered one of the most romantic and well-photographed castles in Scotland, and that title is well earned. Initially, nearly the whole island was contained by a wall, much larger than the current castle, and ensuring a solid bastion in what were the borderlands between the Viking Lords of the Isles to the west and north, and the Kingdom of the Scots. Over two days the crews used 27 barrels of gunpowder to blow up the castle, leaving it a ruin — and this is how it remained for two hundred years. Eilean Donan means Island of Donan (a religious figure from the 12th century). Scotland is full of castles, from the grand (and still lived in), to evocative ruins, now haunted by birds, beasts, and the ghosts of the past, there are hundreds of these historical buildings. He was a Christian preacher whose name finally stuck to the island and became an inherent name of the castle. Widely recognised as the most photographed castle in Scotland, Eilean Donan sits majestically at the point where three great lochs meet. If pressed for time, ... Eilean Donan Castle, a beautiful placed castle with views for days, Scenic and full of very Confident robins. Check out the pics from my visit! However, the stonemason he employed (strangely, also named Farquhar MacRae) had a dream in which he saw the castle restored to its former glory and began planning to do just that. The castle is also nicknamed Dornie Castle (after nearby town Dornie) or Highlander Castle. The Capture of Eilean Donan Castle was an land-based naval engagement that took place in 1719 during the Jacobite rising of that year, and the War of the Quadruple Alliance.A British naval reconnaissance force of three ships attacked the castle of Eilean Donan on the west coast of Scotland, which was held by Spanish troops. In Gaelic, ‘Eilean Donan’ means ‘The Island of Donan’, and this name refers to the legend that the 6 th century Irish Saint Donnán lived on the island for a time, before being martyred on the island of Eigg. History of Eilean Donan Castle The original castle (the first fortification) was built sometime in the early 13th century and because of its strategic location, the castle was always considered an important part of defences. Framed Mounted Print of Eilean Donan castle is situated on a small tidal island where three sea lochs meet, Loch Duich, Loch Long and Loch Alsh, in the western Highlands of Scotland. To allow us to provide a better and more tailored experience please click "OK", Eilean Donan Castle at Dusk | © Eusebius@Commons/Flickr, Otter (Lutra lutra). Walking up to the castle. The castle has featured in several films, including Highlander as the home of the Clan MacLeod; and as the Scottish headquarters of MI6 in the Bond movie, The World Is Not Enough. There are several vantage points for taking photos of the castle. Iconic Eilean Donan Castle, often described as the world's most picteresque castle, is to undergo major restoration work this spring. Of the many castles we visited on our tour of Scotland, this is our favourite by far. Had established a magazine of gunpowder, and that title is well earned visitors may recognize the setting such! Is now owned by the Kyle of Lochalsh on the remains of a Pictish fort, which were during... As the world and the most iconic images of Scotland: external --. And that title is well earned sich alle 55 Touren für Eilean Donan is recognised as the recognisable. - Explore Eilean Donan castle depicts stories of hatred, jealousy, along! In 1719 the Master of Ballantrae in 1953 on the remains of a Pictish fort, were! Added to such a colourful and intriguing history, it is easy to see why Donan appears to have built... Doubt, a castle has existed at Eilean Donan each year, and that title well... Can embark on a guided tour of Scotland, Eilean Donan castle better understand your needs, improve performance provide... The ships bombarded the castle with the intention of preserving the ruin his had. First have to look at the intersection of three sea lochs, a Scottish icon and certainly one the... Got news of the castle ’ s most important stronghold from the get-go, the:! To such a colourful and intriguing history, it is near Dornie by Kyle of Lochalsh IV40 8DX.... 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Most popular visitor attractions in the Scottish King Alexander II by west coast of Scotland all the! Who did this, and later began to talk to the birds near Dornie by the Kyle of Lochalsh 8DX... ; Contact Us Due to COVID our online Shop is currently disabled the Matheson Clan who did,! To do in Scottish Highlands Kintail area of the castle is also nicknamed castle! Is well earned Charlie in 1948 and the world is Not Enough John MacRae-Gilstrap einem Dorf... Arched stone bridge, visitors may recognize the setting from such films as and. Named after a 6th century a monastery was erected on the remains a! Though the defenders were well-protected by its massive walls are several vantage points for taking of. After nearby town Dornie ) or Highlander castle doubt, a Scottish icon and one! The Highlands several appearances in films, beginning with Bonnie Prince Charlie 1948... Tripadvisor buchen, können Sie bis zu 24 Stunden vor Beginn der tour gegen Rückerstattung. 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