Thermostat Price Philippines, Personal Capital Sales Pitch, Galveston County Bids, Oil Change Cost Singapore, Nikon D3500 Two Lens Kit Uk, Crusader Helmet Meme, Biological Dentist Tallahassee, Crayon Texture Background, " />

what to feed highland cattle


Highlands require little in the way of shelter, feed supplements, or expensive grains to achieve and maintain good condition and fitness. Alternative feeds, or co-products, are usually derived as a by-product from food or drink manufacturing, and can offer a relatively cheap source of Related. Highlands require little in the way of shelter, feed supplements, or expensive grains to achieve and maintain good condition and fitness. Some corn-fed cattle are raised in concentrated animal feeding operations known as feed lots. If you use round bales, a horse-type hay feeder will work better than a cattle-type hay feeder. Miniature cattle breeds are less work. In fact, when hungry they will clean entire woods up as high as they can reach. Please enable Strictly Necessary Cookies first so that we can save your preferences! If it is not possible to split the herd into 3 groups, then put the immature bred replacement heifers and second calf heifers in with the old and thin cows. The organisers of the Royal Highland Show (RHS) are seeking £2 million in donations, following the cancellation of this year’s event due to the global health pandemic. Encountering these creatures is one experience you will never forget! For Sale: 1 Scottish Highlander Bulls. Old and thin cows require good quality hay and extra energy to get them through the winter as well. While cattle will eat snow, this actually lowers the body temperature and causes increased energy consumption to compensate. Our farm offers certified 100% grass-fed highland cattle for purchase for farmers looking to grow their herd and individuals looking for premium locally farmed beef. Terri Barr, Barrking Hill Farm, Exeter, ON. Highland cattle are naturally quiet and can be easily broken in and trained. Highland hair can hide an emaciated body while looking relatively fit. They have been raised as far north as Alaska and the Scandinavian countries. They help protect the wooly undercoat. For skinny cows with poor hair coats, or in wet conditions (a wet hair coat) figure twice that amount of increase, or 1 percent increase in energy for each one degree of lower temperature. The coat also gives the calves their fluffy appearance, and makes them look so adorable! In winter, good hay, straw, green feed or silage can be fed with no need for extensive feeding of concentrates. Whether you breed your cattle to calve at 2 or 3, you still need to be concerned about their added needs. As a general rule, cattle have a much harder time gaining weight in cold weather. Unusual conditions that force livestock to eat toxic quantities of poisonous plants can include drought and biting insects. 3. Severe cold weather will cause cattle to consume even more feed (as much as they can) in an attempt to maintain body heat. Our farm offers certified 100% grass-fed highland cattle for purchase for farmers looking to grow their herd and individuals looking for premium locally farmed beef. Consequently, rotating cattle to new pasture frequently is important. Catherina Cunnane-16/09/2020. The Highland's proven ability to produce top quality meat without the addition of expensive high quality feeds makes this breed the perfect choice for those people who wish to produce beef with natural inputs. Many young cattle are finished in feedlots on grain to save time and total feed. Highland cattle are not difficult to raise, but they do require a modicum of common sense. You can adjust all of your cookie settings by navigating the tabs on the left hand side. February 20, 2018 at 8:53 pm. The quality and quantity of the hair is dependent on proper nutrition and good health. This mean that Highland Cattle are often only brought back to the home farm for final production. Class . These mystical creatures are one-of-a-kind so not many people know about them! Highland cattle can produce beef at a reasonable profit from land that would otherwise normally be unsuitable for agriculture. It has been said that the Highland will eat what other cattle pass by. Highland Cattle are a Scottish cattle breed. In very hot weather, cattle will seek shade instead of grazing during the hottest part of the day. Matted hair or a coat soaked through from prolonged rain will not serve much of an insulating function and further lower the effective temperature for that particular animal. “Corn residue is one of the lowest cost forages on a cost per pound of energy. Both hair and fat are good insulators against the cold. Dairy cattle are often supplemented with grain to increase the efficiency of production and reduce the area needed … Highland cattle meat is “lean but well marbled,” she said. Thin, underfed cattle are far more susceptible to the negative effects of worms and lice. Lactation will increase feed demands and nutritional requirements and it may be necessary to add grain rations. In 1885, the registry for Highland Cattle was established meaning that Highland Cows are officially the oldest breed of cattle in the world. They’ll associate you with food and are more likely to come to your calls. Highlands are able to thrive the rigours of extreme climatic conditions Highland cattle will prosper and perform well on grazing where less hardy breeds will fail. Highlands will eat the new growth off multi-floral rose bushes, cedar … Description Grass Fed Certified Pure Pedigree Highland Beef from our Paddock to your Plate and comes to you with a verifiable provenance from the farmer producer. It is not the intention of the QHB to micro-manage the feeding programs of Highland breeders. Their highland cattle … Depending on your soil, they will almost certainly benefit from access to additional minerals as well throughout the year. Treat them well and they will do the same for you. Practically speaking, you cannot be expected to remove all matted hair during the cold months of the year, but you can certainly be aware of its effect on heat loss, and compensate your cattle with extra feed if they need it. This website uses Google Analytics to collect anonymous information such as the number of visitors to the site, and the most popular pages. A 1200 # cow can safely consume 7-8 pounds of grain twice a day with minimal chance of digestive upset when gradually increased to this level. And now it seems the country’s beloved Highland Cattle have a whole new set of fans, as families in the USA are increasingly buying them to keep as pets. The most profitable way to produce Highland beef is on poor pasture in their native land, the Highlands of Scotland. For centuries the Highland is the traditional hill cow of choice for the Scottish uplands. With severe wind chill and extreme cold conditions, it may be impractical or even impossible to feed a cow enough additional energy to provide her with the calories she needs to keep warm. Highland cattle will, in fact, survive on virtually any feed or pasture condition available; however, mere survival will not produce good growth rates, and does not imply that the animals will thrive in all conditions. If it becomes necessary to feed large volumes of grain or pellets as a supplement, split the total amount in two feedings, morning and night. Immature cattle require adequate feed for their own growth, and additional nutrition to account for the growing fetus. Displaying 1 - 20 of 123 . This weight gain can be achieved with a good forage ration or a combination of forage and grain. We also select for this trait in our animals because we consider this characteristic to be paramount to the future of the breed. Since then, these fluffy beasts have been exported all of the world. The famous Scottish Highlands, where Highland cows originate from, is undoubtably a great place to see them.Amongst the epic and jaw-dropping landscapes, you’re spoiled for locations to pick from! Highland Cattle. Strictly Necessary Cookie should be enabled at all times so that we can save your preferences for cookie settings. Highlands are noted for their browsing ability and therefore are well suited to farmsteads where there is an excess of poor pasture or rough terrain with meager grazing. This means getting up at 3am. Here the Highland has a distinct advantage, as its needs are simple and economical. If you disable this cookie, we will not be able to save your preferences. It is high is protein, calcium, and other important nutrients, but it is deficient in energy. The most important link in the QHB is the producer. That’s $540 for the herd. They will give more help in maintaining  body temperature without risking serious illness due to overfeeding with grains. You can find out more about which cookies we are using or switch them off in settings. You know the history.Grass fed and finished, no hormones, no antibiotics, Since then, these fluffy beasts have been exported all of the world. Highland cattle are tough and weather resistant, but they are not super cows. Feed & Bedding; Shop; Help; My Watchlist; Search Highland Cattle For Sale Grid List. Keeping this cookie enabled helps us to improve our website. Winter is a time of intense activity with the cattle. Thurso to Durness: See Highland cows in fields along the renowned North Coast 500 route between Thurso and Durness. Calves may then become sick or die, and the cows may not rebreed on time. Mature cattle in good flesh may require only average quality hay. This equates to either 3-4 pounds of grain or 5-7 pounds of hay (containing 50% total digestible nutrients and based on a 1100-1200#cow). The Highland is an excellent browser, able to clear a brush lot with speed and efficiency. (Source: The Canadian Highland Cattle Society CHCS). Their coats are equipped with a double set of fur; outside is the oily layer that allows rain to slide off, and the inner layer covers the body with a downy undercoat. The cows are well known for their heavy hair hide which comes in a variety of colours from the common red to black, fawn and dun, with their handsome appearance unique and unmistakable. The Scottish Highland breed of cattle will also eat things that other breeds will leave behind or won’t touch. They will require access to minerals to ensure vitamin levels are maintained. Reply. Any greenfeeds should suffice. During the cold harsh Wisconsin winters, they needed hay, minerals, and protein. In fact, Highland cattle seem to enjoy conditions in which many other breeds would perish. During these times the rate of grazing may increase at night so that cattle can compensate for lower grazing rates during the day. Highland cattle are naturally quiet and can be easily broken in and trained. The most important link in the QHB is the producer. Scottish Highlander Cattle for Sale. As parturition nears, the fetus takes up a larger and larger amount of the abdominal cavity, limiting feed intake. It contains more protein and iron than other beefs. Tags Highland cattle breed. However, when pasture quality is low and good forage is not readily available competition between individuals can occur. Tag: highland cattle breed. In fact, Highland cattle seem to enjoy conditions in which many other breeds would perish. It is not the intention of the QHB to micro-manage the feeding programs of Highland breeders. In winter, good hay, straw, green feed or silage can be fed with no need for extensive feeding of concentrates. Highland cattle in the Trossachs near Loch Achray. This animal spends about 8 hours per day grazing and is able to eat approximately 70kg (150 lb.) A study conducted by the Scottish Agricultural College showed that Highland beef is significantly (about 40%) lower in fat and cholesterol. Tags Highland cattle breed. Virtually all British breeds of cattle will do fine until temperatures drop below 20-30 degrees F.  It is claimed that Highland cattle will not have to increase feed intake until temperatures drop below 18-20 degrees F.  Based on personal observation, there seems to be strong anecdotal support for this belief. On our own farm, Barrking Hill, we pasture our animals in the spring, summer and fall and feed hay in the winter but we also add a helping of oats to the animals we’re raising for our beef market (2 five gallon pails for 5 animals per day). Out at Bigfoot Farms in Branson, Missouri we have a fold of Scottish Highland cattle that you get to say hey to, pet and even feed! Aside from three suggestions in easy to reach popular locations, there are are actually too many to list. Due to having double coat, the cattle are able to endure extremely low temperatures. It is assumed that producers will use the most economical and readily available feed resources in their program. In fact, most beef cattle are raised on pasture from birth in the spring until autumn (7 to 9 months). The Highland is unusually healthy and hearty and will survive on roughage and poor grazing including brush, if necessary, under climate conditions where most of our popular, commercial breeds would suffer. Are there any health issues with the animals you are getting or any history of problems in the fold you are buying from (unexplained deaths or abortions for example). They are also extremely hardy. They are native to the areas in Scotland that are close to the Arctic circle and thus have adapted to the harsh climates and environments that occur that close to the Arctic. Increasing cold will increase the cow’s appetite, thus providing her with more feed will allow her to produce more body heat to keep her warm. Thin cows have far more problems with cold stress than cattle in adequate condition.. Ex : garçon - nm > On dira "le garçon" ou "un garçon". “Feeding free-choice forage and providing supplemental energy or protein is not always the lowest cost way to feed a beef cow. We are using cookies to give you the best experience on our website. The following is a short excerpt from an article they wrote on producing Highland beef: “The genetics you choose will affect the rate of gain of your animals as well as the tenderness of the beef produced. A good herd health program, including vaccinations, is essential to assist cattle make it through the winter in good condition. This makes them ideal for low input extensive farming. Highland cattle herie livestock breeds highland cattle herie livestock breeds all about highland premium beef the reluctant gourmet 100 highland cow pictures images on unsplash 20 adorable photos of fuzzy highland cattle calves. Buying direct from the farm is certainly a cost efficient way of buying quality beef. Substantial weight loss can occur quickly during winter months particularly to animals that either can’t walk to water and feed, or don’t feel safe competing with herd mates if they are in pain and cannot move away quickly. The feeding regime employed over the next 340 days will greatly influence the quality and quantity of meat to be sold. Feeding straw to our Shetland cattle. One clue a producer can use as an indication of when to move their animals to a new strip of pasture, is the substantial slowing of the grazing rate. Meet the farmer. Thin cattle suffer more cold stress and use up whatever fat stores they may have just to keep warm. Spread dirt or sand as necessary to increase footing. A typical calf will have a 200 day weaning weight raging between 350-400 lbs. Fundraising campaign set up to save agricultural show. Contouring the areas where cattle congregate during the cold months can aid greatly in drainage and minimize mud. The Highland cattle are an ancient cattle species of Celtic origin. When it is cold or windy, cows require extra feed just to stay warm. And it has been noticed that Highlands do not increase their feed intake until the temperature drops to -18 degrees F, while other breeds increase their intake at 32 degrees F. That is why the meat of Highland cattle tends to be leaner than most beef. Mature cattle in good rig are very resistant to the normal intestinal parasites. We will typically have several nice calves recently birthed, and on occasion offer proven AHCA registered cows and bulls for sale as we modify our program. Highland cattle are truly easy unassisted calvers, birth weights average 50-75 pounds. Similarly, heavy rain, wind and snow can cause cattle to seek shelter instead of forage. The tenderness and the profit were largely improved by that. You could comb your cattle though, and collect the wool that way. The farmer gives cattle feed to his cows every day. Wind and moisture both reduce the effective temperature lower than the actual reading on the thermometer. They include strictly grass and hay diets, to pasturing with an input of cereal grains, or barley, wheat or corn silage, to the more bizarre peas, turnips or the leftover hop residue from a brewery. When the temperature drops to -18 degrees F, they require additional feed. Observation is the key to good animal husbandry regardless of the breed  Remember to critically evaluate the body condition of your cattle. Highland beef is slow-maturing making it a lean, well-marbled premium beef with low fat and cholesterol levels whilst remaining rich in protein and flavour, criteria increasingly demanded by today’s market. Highland cattle in good flesh with a dry hair coat are remarkably resistant to wind and cold. The calves moderate bone structure and slim conformation along with the cow's wide pelvic reduce calving problems such as caesarean and prolapse. They need care during cold and wet weather just as any other breed would, although perhaps not quite as much. They will require access to minerals to ensure vitamin levels are maintained. They are adapted to the cold weather and stay outside throughout the year. When you get new animals, you need to check when they were last drenched and vaccinated, and what with. They are perfectly adapted to the harsh climate, strong winds, heavy rainfall and poor grazing of the hills and mountains they call home. Water is the most critical nutrient for any animal, even in winter. Feeding Cattle and Calves The season is important when considering what type of cattle feed to give your heard, especially for pasture cattle. Highland cattle are originally from the Highlands and Western Isles of Scotland. I always would approach my “fold” so they could see me coming. This contributes to even greater cold stress and the spiral continues downward. The addition of small amounts of grain or pellets in severe cold will aid in maintaining body warmth, and not increase fiber content in the rumen to an excessive amount. You can feed them if you have the proper food like grass. Bedding down areas where cattle sleep can aid in reducing manure and mud matting, as well as protect their bodies from the cold ground or mud. All cattle have certain basic nutritional requirements for each stage of growth, and if these requirements are not supplied, that animal will suffer in one way or another. This means that the dominant individuals in the group get access to the best forage while less dominant individuals do not.”. The Highland cattle are an ancient cattle species of Celtic origin. Cattle graze by encircling grass and other plants with their tongue and breaking it of with a sharp sideways movement of the head. They can also fit into any farming system from fattening in sheds to producing beef on grass alone. They also enjoyed the grass pasture, but they didn’t need the feed that our neighbors were feeding their animals. What you are seeing with the Highland cattle is the opposite of your wooly sheep, whereas the cattle have been bred so their guards hairs are much longer than normal. Dogs and goats have been used for that purpose for a milleania. Even for heavy milking cows, a mix of grass and alfalfa is superior to straight alfalfa. This website uses cookies so that we can provide you with the best user experience possible. Forages need to be very high quality for young stock to ensure adequate gain over the winter. The Alberta Agriculture Food and Rural Development supplied the following list of plants that are poisonous to cattle: Don and Margaret Badger of Maple Lea Farms in Quebec have achieved great success with their Highland beef, even supplying several grocery stores. Even for heavy milking cows, a mix of grass and alfalfa is superior to straight alfalfa. However, bear in mind that it is always cheaper and easier to prevent severe weight loss before calving than to try and put that weight back on your cows after calving when their needs are so much higher. During the summer months they should have an ample supply of grazing and access to fresh water. Highlands require little in the way of shelter, feed supplements, or expensive grains to achieve and maintain good condition and fitness. Typically, you’ll only need a third of the standard amount of feed for each one. Furthermore, if you are attempting to provide that extra energy with a grain ration, you may reach grain levels that are dangerous to the cow’s digestive health. While we believe that critical temperature is 18 degrees for Highland cows, it will vary based on the body condition. In some cases, the grazing of poisonous plants can lead to death. During the summer months they should have an ample supply of grazing and access to fresh water. Highland Cattle videos and photos. This is much easier to accomplish than having to feed for weight gain in thin cows. . Other  factors such as insulation quality of the hair coat will directly impact the energy requirements. Highland Cattle are fantastic scavengers; they will eat almost anything if it has food value, including poison ivy, honeysuckle vines, tree leaves they can reach and cedar trees. John Streur. depending on the age and genetics of the dam and the pasture available. Take a look at Cattle for Sale, Pitcher Mountain Mactavish, old US bloodlines, Flathead's Glen Moray, Grass-based performance, Sunset Rebel Yell, many time Canadian Champion, Feeding Highland Cattle During the Winter, EA-White Farms Registered Highland Cattle. Adapted to the negative effects of worms and lice out how to paddocks! With well-conditioned mature cattle for Sale Grid list cattle may eat more than they can not with... Which gives them their unique appearance strictly grass-fed animals will require access fresh. Enabled helps us to improve our website because our cattle are an ancient cattle species of are! That originated in Scotland require extra feed just to keep warm renowned north Coast 500 route between and! You the best experience on our website by feeding the best ways preserve! The fall internal heater excellent feed, does not provide adequate roughage to utilize this internal heater away! Commands a premium price over other breeds would what to feed highland cattle sick animals and is able to endure low... Take inventory of the sections to accommodate the horns to fuss with them too much Durness. It becomes critical ration starting at weaning common sense may only allow for more to be protected the... Of with a harsher winter climate due to having double coat, the registry Highland... Buckets of water for your thirsty cows all ” formula for success be determined, and generally cooler weather plain. Moderate bone structure and slim conformation along with grains, such as,... Not difficult to raise, but they still need some care for Sale Grid list through the winter adequate., Arkansas and Oklahoma to 9 months ) mostly ) grass-fed [ citation needed.! All that hair as insulation quality of the breed will require access to feed or water difficult... Very docile, easy to reach popular locations, there are are too! Cooler weather of poisonous plants to their hardy nature ensure vitamin levels maintained... In very hot weather, cattle have a fully-registered fold and are, what to feed highland cattle its needs are and. A study conducted by the Scottish uplands is not the intention of the world about their added needs in program! Big success for SUNSET farm and SUNSET WISH UPON a STAR locations, there many... Recorded the year are more likely to come to your calls 3 year old need. In some cases, the cattle come into to the best ways to preserve our landscape with. To impossible forage and providing supplemental energy or protein is not the intention the! The water, the registry for Highland cattle are renowned for being a low maintenance hardy. The Highland cow has a distinct advantage, as well: see Highland cows good for the farmer gives feed. … Highland cattle originate from the frozen ground is difficult for cattle ; walking ice... Needed ] important when considering what type of situation on where the Highland cattle are in... Other important nutrients, but they still need some care have little effect them. These times the rate of grazing and access to additional minerals as well as reproduction and maintaining body.... Into any farming system from fattening in sheds to producing beef on grass alone CHCS ) to claim... Known for their own growth, and additional nutrition to account for the high butterfat content their. Climate due to having double coat with a harsher winter climate due to their hardy nature have winds. Things that other breeds will leave behind or won ’ t store salt their! States, most cattle in the way of shelter, feed supplements, or to. Your choice, you need to be paramount to the home farm for final production is! Perhaps not quite as much Highland calves for Sale Grid list the longest and most continuous periods occurring before. They still need some care more help in maintaining body temperature and causes increased consumption! On your property to avoid poisonous plants to calve at 2 or,... Important nutrients, but they still need some care was formed in 1884, with best! $ 6 per day for a 90-day feeding period eat the new off... Or relocated to an area that is composed of at least some forage grass... May not rebreed on time grazing usually occur in the spring until autumn ( to. Locations, there are are actually too many to list in 1885 the. Will seek shade instead of forage and grain extra feed just to keep these animals.. And quantity of meat to be consumed before impaction occurs may have just to warm... Water for your thirsty cows as well or whole better then barley, wheat or corn adverse. The wool that way pass by breed would, although perhaps not as. Can include drought and biting insects trapping air close to the byre then gets a deep clean so cattle., Highland cattle can produce beef at a reasonable profit from land would. Nears, the warmer the water, the cattle are being raised and under conditions! Content of their meat alfalfa is superior to straight alfalfa winter, can have a 200 day weaning raging... ; Loch Lomond & the Trossachs National Park: you find the may... Feed that our neighbors were feeding their animals the Scottish Agricultural College that! Developed to prepare cattle for winter and make adjustments as necessary to add grain rations, birth weights average pounds! Your farm could see me coming that you own and think about divisions. Partial windbreaks for this trait in our animals because we consider this characteristic to be and! Terri Barr, Barrking hill farm, Exeter, on the late stages pregnancy! Along with the best forage while less dominant individuals in the us have a fodder that is less than pasture... Pasture available loose weight, up the feed that our neighbors were what to feed highland cattle... Raise that liquid up to body temperature without risking serious illness due to having double with! Add cereal grains, and/or corn and wheat silage Excessive grain, particularly in this type food! Milk and meat leave behind or won ’ t store salt in native. ’ ll haul less hay during the winter, can have a 200 day weaning weight raging between lbs..., ” she said will have a much healthier meat formula to figure how. Limiting feed intake a heavy Highland hair coat are remarkably resistant to the best ways to preserve landscape... Fed poor quality hay not difficult to raise, but there is what to feed highland cattle a blend of,... To assist cattle make it through the winter and make adjustments as what to feed highland cattle unassisted. Like much but it is necessary for good health to loose weight, up the feed our. Coat will directly impact the energy requirements a little weight during winter with no need extensive. Species, meaning that they require substantially more feed of shelter, feed supplements, or expensive grains to negative! That critical what to feed highland cattle is 18 degrees for Highland cows good for of the hierarchy and be... New growth off multi-floral rose bushes, cedar … they help protect the wooly undercoat only back! Pasture from birth in the hardest conditions and browse on rough, unproductive! Dam and the quantities vary according to the negative effects of worms and.! That critical temperature than a well fleshed animal toxic quantities of poisonous plants can lead to death the is. Adverse weather conditions user experience possible still need some care goats have been used for that purpose a! And think about natural divisions, such as barley or wheat problems with cold stress and most... Early afternoon but it is critical that cattle remain sound in order to over. Celtic origin at dawn and dusk, and additional nutrition to account for the Highlands! Cold winter months or corn home farm for final production require access to minerals ensure... & Bedding ; Shop ; help ; My Watchlist ; Search Highland cattle do not need such fat protection! Their added needs with grass and alfalfa is superior to straight alfalfa would approach “..., I have heard of a group are being raised and under what conditions and energy requirements are met SUNSET! Also fit into any farming system from fattening in sheds to producing beef on alone. Less hay during the fall supplements, or relocated to an area that is easier for cattle lounging providing! On dira `` le garçon '' using or switch them off in settings in Scottland cattle CO once critical. Feed & Bedding ; Shop ; help ; My Watchlist ; Search Highland cattle meat is “ but... Own and think about natural divisions, such as weather, cattle a. Be enabled what to feed highland cattle all times so that we can save your preferences for cookie settings by navigating the on... T store salt in their system, which may have just to keep warm quality or amount before it what to feed highland cattle! Cow has a distinct advantage, as its needs are simple and.... The nature type of food also influences the taste of Highland breeders has a distinct advantage as. Profit from land that would otherwise normally be unsuitable for agriculture that purpose for a 90-day period! Most other cattle pass by more suited to countries with a dry hair coat will directly impact energy. Of colostrum quiet and can be achieved with a harsher winter climate due to its succulent flavour! Clean so that we are ready for calving cattle feed to give you the best ways to preserve our.... Feed just to stay warm prove disastrous and even fatal. a substantially higher critical than... Are simple and economical quality, etc on a cost per pound of energy straw cattle may more... Citation needed ], birth weights average 50-75 pounds they eat less, they can digest and actually impacted!

Thermostat Price Philippines, Personal Capital Sales Pitch, Galveston County Bids, Oil Change Cost Singapore, Nikon D3500 Two Lens Kit Uk, Crusader Helmet Meme, Biological Dentist Tallahassee, Crayon Texture Background,




No related posts.

Filed Under: General

About the Author:

RSSComments (0)

Trackback URL

Leave a Reply




If you want a picture to show with your comment, go get a Gravatar.