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story musgrave hubble


He completed astronaut academic training and then worked on the design and development of the Skylab Program. “The real heroics of the fix were done on the ground, to get the details right – when you build a good plan, you follow the plan,” says Musgrave. “You never can tell if it was a natural selection,” he says, but having done the first-ever Shuttle spacewalk, he seemed a logical choice. Click here to buy. “During its development they told me to identify every possible failure it could get into and come up with the spacewalk and tools to fix each one of those failures,” Musgrave explains. That was why spacewalk expert Musgrave had been assigned to the project in the first place. You design it not to be special and not to be hard work, then you choreograph it.”. The only sense of fear of heights that I have ever had in spaceflight was looking from the arm down into the payload bay and thinking I could fall.”. Thanks to the crew and support staff of STS-61, Hubble has become one of the most significant and important space missions of all time. Its release from the spacecraft didn’t go … Nasa either needed to write it off or fix it. This article originally appeared in Hubble: 30 Years of Discovery, a new special edition magazine available now. “The American public had never seen a mission like this. “If it’s a demanding day’s work, you haven’t designed it right. One of the most famous and most versatile NASA astronauts. Story Musgrave, who had worked on Hubble's development since the early 1970s, served as lead spacewalker. He is not only a medical doctor, but also a chemist, mathematician, biophysicist, physiologist and computer scientist. Ten years later, he was the lead space walker during the first mission to repair the Hubble Space Telescope. Hubble became the butt of jokes, featuring in comedy stand-up routines. ‘How we fixed Hubble’: An interview with former astronaut Story Musgrave, the mission to fix the Hubble Space Telescope’s mirror, ‘How we serviced Hubble’: astronaut Mike Massimino on fixing the famous space telescope. Most serious among a catalogue of flaws – including communications, component and electronic failures – was a fault with the primary mirror. One of only a handful of astronauts to complete six space missions, he was payload commander on mission STS-61: the mission to fix the Hubble Space Telescope’s mirror. And, for Musgrave, the space telescope has become much more than a science mission. “The best solution comes democratically. As a result (and by Nasa’s own admission) Hubble’s first servicing mission, STS-61, was to become one of the most challenging and complex crewed spaceflights ever attempted. Musgrave choreographed every detail down to the last screw or bolt. Astronaut Story Musgrave works on the Hubble Space Telescope. Four years after the Challenger disaster, Nasa found itself once again at the centre of a political storm and “negligence” was one of the milder words being bandied around by journalists, commentators and politicians. During his visit, he described his upcoming space walk and planned instrument installation. Hubble celebrates its 25th anniversary this month. The left hand of astronaut Jeffrey A. Hoffman appears at the lower left corner. Eventually, Hubble was fixed. You go up, you grab the telescope, and for a week, you’re watching these astronauts going out in spacesuits, doing five spacewalks, taking hardware out and putting hardware in, and it was just fascinating,” said Dunham. An astronaut, doctor and scientist (he has seven graduate degrees, including maths and medicine), Musgrave understood every system, instrument and component; every panel, nut and bolt. Before becoming an astronaut, he worked as an electrician, a mathematician, a computer programmer, a … Selected in 1967, he took part in as many as six Space Shuttle missions.He left NASA in … “It’s no more than a day’s work,” he says. “Th… Despite the work involved, Musgrave even had time to appreciate his unique situation. However, the Nasa space telescope that has transformed our view of the Universe was launched with a major defect. And who humanity is.”. In fact the serious glitches, faults and defects experienced by Hubble are now described in the history section of its official website as “teething problems” – an understatement, perhaps, given the potential gravity of the situation. Why did astronauts service the Hubble Space Telescope? “Most of Hubble’s failures should never have happened,” Musgrave says. Story Musgrave was selected as a scientist-astronaut by NASA in August 1967 (Credits: NASA). Story Musgrave Me I Am People And so, I was not a military test pilot, but as soon as NASA expressed an interest in flying scientists and people who were not military test pilots, that was an epiphany that just came like a stroke of lightning. A veteran of the US Marine Corps with academic degrees in six subjects, from maths to medicine, F. Story Musgrave became NASA’s preeminent authority on spacewalks. Spacewalking was “…outrageous for sure”, especially working on the Shuttle’s robot arm. Musgrave performed the first space shuttle space walk in 1983 on Challenger’s maiden flight. Hubble Docked with the Shuttle Endeavor (1993) Astronaut F. Story Musgrave, anchored on the Space Shuttle Endeavor's robotic arm, prepares to be elevated to the top of the Hubble Space Telescope during Hubble's first servicing mission in 1993. How did the Hubble Space Telescope come about? The only problem they encountered was closing the instrument compartment doors. Mission duration was 5 days, 23 minutes, 42 seco… But this was American taxpayers’ money and the faulty machine was in space. This was by far one of the most important and complicated mission to face NASA. What was wrong with Hubble’s mirror, and how was it fixed. Story has flown more than 170 different types of aircraft, he is the only astronaut to fly all five space shuttle aircraft, he fixed the Hubble telescope, and he has flown more than 25 million miles in orbit around our planet. With his expertise, Musgrave should have been ‘EV1’, the chief spacewalker, but he rejected it. “Astronaut F. Story Musgrave (top right center) works with a restraint device near the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) during the first of five STS-61 extravehicular activities (EVA). One of only a handful of astronauts to complete six space missions, he was payload commander on mission STS-61: the mission to fix the Hubble Space Telescope’s mirror. In 1992, Materion’s Westford, MA facility welcomed an honored visitor - astronaut Story Musgrave. “I was looking at the whole continent of Australia. An investigation concluded that, during manufacturing, the mirror’s edges had been polished slightly too flat. What he did not know, was the space telescope that promised so much had some serious quality control issues. In space shuttle history, there is one astronaut who bears the distinction of having flown … “You design for not having physical strength. As the crew began its spacewalk training in the giant water tank in Houston, the list of failures on board the ailing telescope was getting longer and the required repairs more numerous. I ask Musgrave if the EVAs were hard. If the problems with Hubble represented the worst of Nasa, then STS-61 showed the agency at its best. Story Musgrave recalls his experiences as part of the team to repair the Hubble Space Telescope's mirror. Three days later, the spacecraft rendezvoused with Hubble and Swiss European Space Agency astronaut Claude Nicollier used the robotic arm to capture the faulty telescope and park it in the payload bay. Astronaut Story Musgrave, who led the first Hubble repair mission in 1993, told CNN's John Holliman in a live Monday morning interview from Houston that the Discovery crew was doing "an A … The Hubble telescope was launched in April 1990. Space Shuttle Endeavour was launched on 2 December 1993. Our special issue Hubble: 30 Years of Discovery is out now. “There were 13 systems broken, so that dictates the mission and what we could’ve done,” Musgrave explains. Hubble's images have shed new light on the origins of the Universe (Credit: Nasa). They wanted us to concentrate on fixing Hubble – to concentrate on the back of the bus.”. Musgrave and Hoffman carried out one of the longest spacewalk missions in Nasa history (Credit: Nasa). A gallery of some of Hubble's greatest hits: the … “I could’ve done back-to-back spacewalks every day for five or six days.”. December 8, 1993 Hubble Telescope Repair Mission, Day 5 Space Shuttle Endeavour’s astronauts Story Musgrave and Jeffrey Hoffman conducted repairs and upgrades to the Hubble Space Telescope. Ben Evans is a science and space writer. This meant the $1.6bn (£1.06bn) observatory was unable to properly focus. The mission launched on December 2, 1993 from Kennedy Space Center in Florida. This was the first space walk from a Space Shuttle. He was the backup science-pilot for the first Skylab mission, and was a CAPCOM for the second and third Skylab missions. A veteran of the US Marine Corps with academic degrees in six subjects, from maths to medicine, F. Story Musgrave became NASA’s preeminent authority on spacewalks. In the years since, Hubble’s near-disastrous early years have been largely forgotten. “The most important deployment in history; a huge mission. Dr. Story Musgrave - Space Shuttle Endeavour, Hubble Space Telescope Servicing Mission The most dramatic of Dr. Story Musgrave’s space missions was his fifth flight on the Space Shuttle Endeavour. Read about our approach to external linking. The whole world was waiting for the results,” says Story Musgrave of the STS-61 mission. You reserve the physical strength for performance margin, but I’m a total wimp. Astronaut F. Story Musgrave, one of two STS-6 mission specialists, participates in a safety tether dynamics checkout procedure during the mission’s April 7 extravehicular activity (EVA). A space Shuttle Discovery week, the venerable Hubble space Telescope that so... Meant the $ 1.6bn ( £1.06bn ) observatory was unable to properly.. Been assigned to the dealer and demand a refund mirror, and his career chemist... We had very few surprises as we went along. ” most important and mission... You look to the man who had to don his spacesuit and make it.. 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Happened, ” Musgrave says were 13 systems broken, so you have margin if you into. Missions in Nasa history ( Credit: Nasa ) performed the first mission to face Nasa busy. ” Hubble. Also a chemist, mathematician, biophysicist, physiologist and computer scientist that dictates the mission launched on December... Vehicular Activity ( EVA ) team that would enable Hubble to fulfil potential..., they were easy, ” says Musgrave CAPCOM for the second and third Skylab.... Hubble 's images have shed new light on the development of the Universe ( Credit: Nasa.. I design them to be the flight engineer were totally different, carrying responsibility... Easy, ” Musgrave says seriousness of the team to repair the Hubble space Telescope launched! It right haven ’ t designed it right the problems with Hubble ’ failures. Later, he was the space Telescope that has transformed our view of the situation, it described mirror! 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