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how to shingle a roof with architectural shingles


The quick answer is yes you can re-roof architectural shingles over existing architectural shingles (however you must check with the shingle manufacturer as well). All the shingles are cut along the hip rafter with a utility knife or, in this case, … Unlike 3-tab roofing, which is flat, smooth, and even, architectural roofing is made in overlapping shingles that give the roof a patterned but uneven surface when you get close enough to look at it. It is also important to look over the old shingles before covering them. It is important to know this information, so you will be able to know how many roofing nails you will need to place in each shingle. Cut the upper portion of the shingle at approximately a 15 degree angle. Every 5 inches, make a new mark until you get to the rop of the roof. Begin shingle application at the lower left rake of roof. Continue laying shingles end to end until you reach the other end of the roof face. Architectural Roof Shingles. Architectural shingles are very high-quality roofing that has increased in popularity over the past few years. Drip edge is placed, and nailed to the perimeter of the roof. Roofs with much longer lifespans are metal, which lasts between 40 and 80 years, tile and slate roofs which can last about 100 years. For more information on roofing options, follow the links below. Lay the next row of shingles, directly on top of the first row, making the row two tiles thick. They are rated to resist higher wind speeds than 3-tab shingles. Building-a-home-info.com provides home building information and advice at no charge and in good faith . Function Since the majority of architectural shingles are made out of a thick asphalt base, this makes them ideal for roofs that are exposed to both cold and hot climates. Architectural shingles may be about 20 percent more expensive than the typical three-tab shingles, but for those who can afford it, they are worth it. If you want the replacement to look flawless, it is best to remove the underlayment. A chalk line can be used to guide you as you cut the shingles. Architectural Shingles (arc-tec shingles) are a step up from the three tab shingles. It is also a material that is referred to as laminated or dimensional shingles. The remaining shingles will be placed following the same method and trimming to the correct angles as needed. The builder installed IKO 'organic' shingles 17 years ago. By getting a copy of the building codes before you begin working, you will know what is and is not allowed in your jurisdiction. Go to Steps to Building a Home [/vc_column_text][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][/vc_column][/vc_row], 1840 Airport Exchange Blvd., Your architectural roof shingles should be bought with enough shingles to cover the length and breadth of your roof, plus a few extra in case of accidents. They are made from a fiberglass mat base with ceramic coated minerals that are embedded in water-resistant asphalt. If a roof is going to leak, it will most likely occur wherever the shingle … The ice and water shield is placed on the bottom edge and 15lb felt ( tar paper) is applied to the rest of the roof. Install Starter Strip. You can cut the layered edge of architectural roof shingles and use the cut flat piece as your starter roof single. On the sixth row the ½ shingle, that was left over from the third row, can be used. Longer nails are usually used to secure the thicker areas of the shingles. Carry on with placing complete shingles unless your row completes. This Project Guide is a combination of those two articles, and it covers replacing the existing roof decking, installing underlayment and ice dam protection, laying the first row, laying shingles in the field, flashing, ridge shingles and vents, and more. heaver per square than 3 tab shingles and are said to withstand winds up too 120 miles per hour . Architectural shingles are very high-quality roofing that has increased in popularity over the past few years. Additionally, they have a more dimensional look to them much like a wooden shake or a tile has dimension. The short, simple answer is 2:12 has traditionally been considered the absolute minimum acceptable roof slope suitable for asphalt shingles.. Asphalt shingles continue to be the most widely installed roof covering option in North America. Roofing Terms: Bundle: A package of shingles. Preparing the roof for architectural shingles is the same as for three tab shingles. If you are putting a layer of asphalt shingles over an existing layer of asphalt shingles on to a 3/4-inch deck or a plank deck then you should be using 1 1/2-inch nails. Here’s how architectural roofing stands out from typical asphalt shingles: Curb Appeal: Our GAF shingles can emulate the beauty of wood shakes, natural slate, and other gorgeous materials with vibrant color blends and … A couple of weeks ago we published a two-part series showing how a local roofing contractor shingled a roof with architectural shingles. They are disintegrating and pieces have been falling off for months. Preparing the roof for architectural shingles is the same as for three tab shingles. Accordingly, you want the best price on roofing shingles as well as the best value. Erlanger, KY 41018. The main aim of architectural shingles is to give the look of heavy-duty roofing materials like slate or cedar, but at a fraction of the cost. You will look for roofing nails that need to be removed. Metal Roofing Types. In roofing, the term “architectural” generally means the shingle has a three-dimensional design and construction. Architectural shingles are very high-quality roofing that has increased in popularity over the past few years. Adding another layer of shingles on top of a pre-existing architectural roof, to put it bluntly, is going to look bad. These shingles are designed to make homes look attractive, but the main issue is how to roof using these types of shingles. [/vc_column_text][vc_custom_heading text=”The Installation Process” font_container=”tag:h3|font_size:22px|text_align:left” use_theme_fonts=”yes”][vc_column_text]. It is also a material that is referred to as laminated or dimensional shingles. Step 5 – Ridges. It is common to see these types of shingles being used to replace roof shingles on the tops of many homes. Trim the last shingle one the row to fit the roof angle as well. If you are thinking about placing architectural shingles over an existing roof, you will need to make sure that there is no more than a single layer of architectural shingles on your roof. Any loose nails and shingles should be swept away so you will only be working on a clean and even surface. Secure it (and all ensuing shingles) with the nail gun as you did in Step 2. Pros: Lasts 25 to 30 years Look better than 3-tab Thicker so less likely to curl at edges. Cut a number of shingles into thirds, separating each shingle tab into an individual roof cap shingle. Having said that it will be nearly impossible to get a good looking quality installation. Because of their extra thickness and contouring, they cost more than traditional asphalt shingles, but they last longer and carry longer warranties. They are made of a heaver mat base than the three tab shingle,and consist of fiberglass or organic material, and asphalt. Lighter-colored roofing shingles may help keep the home’s interior cooler, depending on how effective the insulation and ventilation are. They are normally treated to prevent algae build up. If you have some architectural roof shingles on your house, then you can be quite secure in the knowledge that they are exceedingly durable, and are most unlikely to be damaged. Cut 10″ off the first shingle in the third row and nail in place. It comes in a variety of formats … Known in the trade as “vertical racking” or “staggering,” this how to lay shingles method enables the roofer to install a single column of shingles all the way to the peak, without the wasted back-and-forth motion necessary to … You should begin by installing the shingles around the outer edge and lower half of the roof. Architectural shingles are one of the best alternatives to slate roof tiles since it does not provide an added weight which slates are notorious for. Architectural (also known as dimensional) shingles are made by compressing, and adhering multiple layers of asphalt mat material to a thick base. This method of staggering the joints eliminates the every other row of joint alignment,as with the three tab shingles. Many of the materials are designed and constructed in a way that allow them to give them the appearance of being three-dimensional. This diagram shows how to shingle a roof with architectural shingles. Care should be taken that the end joints of the starter row, are overlapped by the shingles of the first row of arc-tec shingles. In each architectural shingle, two layers of asphalt shingles are bonded to each other using asphalt sealant. These shingles carry a higher rating than the three tab shingles, thirty (30) and forty (40) year ratings, compared to three tab at 15 to 25 years. As shown in the diagram , the first shingle is placed at the lower left corner of the roof and aligned with the drip edge at the left end and bottom edge of the roof. If the roof shingles and all accessory roof components are arranged and overlapped with this in mind, the roof should successfully shed water. The deck of the roof should also be checked for sturdiness. They are 100 to 200 lbs. The shingles are suitable for cold and warm climates. Understand the physics of how a sloped shingle roof works. Apply a cover of starter architectural shingles. Because of their extra thickness and contouring, they cost more than traditional asphalt shingles, but they last longer and carry longer warranties. While they can be a bit more expensive to buy and install, you won’t have to think about replacing them for years and they will provide a fair bit of protection to your roof. Align the first shingle squarely with the roof and lay it into place. Architectural shingles are asphalt shingles that have tabs of different sizes and shapes. When you are placing the shingles on the top row, you need to cut it 6 inches, from the left corner with the help of utility knife. © copyright 2010 Building-A-Home-Info.com 5. When you reach a ridge in the roof, this is the location you will utilize the caps. The third row shingle is cut in half ( 20'' as in our example) and align over the second row shingle,setting aside the other half of the shingle to be used later. Covering the joints and valleys. When nailing shingles, proper penetration into the roof deck is essential to ensure the nail and shingle remain secure. You should also buy the correct amount of roofing felt, to cover the roof below the shingles, and around 2 pounds of nails for every square foot of architectural roof shingles purchased. When laying the shingles for the top row, cut 6 inches (15.2 centimeters) from the first shingle in the left corner of the roof using the utility knife. Any deteriorated or damaged shingles should be removed. Other composition shingles, such as architectural and random cutouts, are installed using most of the same techniques. Architectural shingles, also known as “laminate” or “dimensional” shingles, are made up of the same elements as their traditional counterparts, but are heavier, thicker and more expensive. All rights reserved. This diagram shows how to shingle a roof with architectural shingles. By being educated beforehand, you will minimize accidents and maximize your skills to complete the installation. They provide excellent weather resistance, great value and, now more than ever, a tremendous range of beautiful designs and color blends. Additionally, the price difference is not significant. However, underlayment shingles can be used if there are no existing leaks. There are no tabs to be lined up and this is what makes them an easier shingle to install. How to Choose the Best Roofing Shingles. If you're considering installing a new roof and want to set your house apart, take a look at architectural shingles. Begin with a starter cover of architectural shingles and use the chalk to mark the top layers of the shingles as you install them. You could conceivably get the benefits of an asphalt shingle roof, which is fairly low-maintenance, with the look of a cedar shake roof with an architectural shingle. Shingles on steep-sided cone roofs — those greater than 21/12 slope — may need to be hand sealed with asphalt plastic cement. We have replaced hundreds of composition shingle roofs, and provide a lifetime workmanship warranty. Additionally, the price difference is not significant. You will need to begin laying your shingles at an outer most corner of the lowest slope of the roof. Go to Home page var _gaq=_gaq||[];_gaq.push(['_setAccount','UA-22749439-1']);_gaq.push(['_trackPageview']);(function(){var ga=document.createElement('script');ga.type='text/javascript';ga.async=true;ga.src=('https:'==document.location.protocol? A three dimensional appearance, due to multiple layers laminated together, gives them the appearance of wood or slate shingles,and are offered with many colors and styles to pick from. To make your own starter shingles, cut the shingle at the edge of the middle strip of adhesive. Prepairing The Roof for Architectural Shingles. Known in the trade as “vertical racking” or “staggering,” this how to lay shingles method enables the roofer to install a single column of shingles all the way to the peak, without the wasted back-and-forth motion necessary to fill several rows of stair steps. Architectural Shingles are the best shingles for Florida because they have a longer lifespan and better durability than 3-tab shingles. Architectural shingles are high-quality dimensional or laminated shingles that add beauty to your roof. Architectural shingles are also called dimensional or laminate shingles. Many pros shingle in a vertical line up the roof because it’s much faster. As you install roof shingles on the second roof plane, you allow them to lap over the valley on top of the first shingles. Asphalt roofing shingles simply rely on the force of gravity to shed water from rain or snow melt. Use a standard hip and ridge shingle to complete the hip joints. It is then nailed in place. A example of this would be, if the shingles are 40'' long, then a ¼ would be equal to 10'', a ½ would be equal to 20'' and ¾ would be equal to 30''. Continue the first course across roof with full shingles laid flush with the starter strip and fastened with four nails, placed as specified. The shingle also tends to be thicker and have a textured look. Architectural roof shingles are a premium type of asphalt shingle. Pros: Architectural shingles have longer warranties because they are thicker than most 3-tab shingles. The procedure for the ridge cap is exactly the same as for the three tab shingles. This profile lends your house a … As you can see from the photo the architectural shingles will have bumps created by the old shingles which will keep the new shingles … Shingling a roof with architectural shingles is similar to using 3-tab shingles. This is rarely the case, however, since not all homes have dimensions that can be perfectly fit with 12-inch x 36-inch shingles. Architectural shingles are thicker and have a higher profile. Nail this … This is okay, as over time the shingle will naturally fall into place and lay down. No extra roof support is needed, either. My neighbor's house, built same month, same builder, same shingle, re-roofed last fall. This will hold the shingle securely into place. Nailing, is normally with four nails , just under the tar strip ,spaced so they will do not line up with the joints of the shingles above. Moreover, they last longer as compared to other shingle types. Lay the next asphalt shingle next to the first one. A starter row is required to prevents water from leaking into the roof, from the gaps between the shingles. Unlike 3-tab roofing, which is flat, smooth, and even, architectural roofing is made in overlapping shingles that give the roof a patterned but uneven surface when you get close enough to look at it. Fiber cement shingles will last about 25 years, while cedar shake and architectural asphalt – which are thicker than most materials – will last 30 years. Some manufacturers use angled cuts while others, like IKO, use a straight cut which enhances the perception of depth and the appearance of a shake or tile roof. Asphalt shingles are one of the most popular choices of roofing materials in the highly competitive residential roofing market filled with various options. Architectural Shingles. Typically, it can cost from $5,000 to $28,000 to replace a residential roof. Same deteriotion. Although architectural shingles are more expensive, they have become the choice of many home owners and roofers .This is due on the most part, to their appearance, longer life and ease of installation. Asphalt shingles can be laid over cedar shakes or shingles, however, this is a roofing project best left to pros. Adding another layer of shingles on top of a pre-existing architectural roof, to put it bluntly, is going to look bad. And unlike slate, slate-look architectural shingles can be installed by any roofing company. While both types are made up of the same essential components, re-roofing over architectural shingle is a different case altogether. This is reflected in the price difference between the two shingle types. This design gives a shingle a fuller layered (or 3D) look, and makes the shingle more durable, and longer lasting. Architectural shingles have a 30-to-50-year warranty depending on the manufacturer, while a 3-tab usually carries a 20 year warranty. Use 4 nails per shingle and 6 nails on the prevailing windward sides of the roof They have a different look from the traditional 3-tab shingles in that they come in various shapes and sizes. It is also a material that is referred to as laminated or dimensional shingles. Three tab shingles of the same color as the arc-tec shingles are cut to be used for the ridge cap. Unlike three tab shingles ,arc-tec shingles do not require chalk lines to be placed on the roof to align the shingles too. You simply lay the ridge cap over the last row of shingles, aligning it correctly over … As a result, most experts recommend ordering 1 extra bundle of shingles. Architectural shingles are priced between 20% to 40% more than 3 tab shingles, which can mean a huge addition of up to $1,500 for bigger roofs. 2. True architectural shingles (also called “designer” shingles) will have more than one thickness to create a shadow line that gives the roof the appearance of slate or wood shake. Begin a starter course by cutting off the tabs about two inches from the top of the shingle. Suite 110 Classic asphalt or composite shingles lay flat and have little definition. For instance, lay down the first row without resizing any of the shingles; in the second row use shingles of six inches length; in the third row use shingles of twelve inches length and so forth until you reach the full size of a shingle. These chalk lines will help you work easier and faster. These roof caps will lay atop each other, and the angled area will be completely covered by the finished portion of … Architectural shingles are great for homeowners who want shingles but need their roof to withstand harsh weather and intense humidity. Click here to read Privacy Policy The ice and water shield is placed on the bottom edge and 15lb felt ( tar paper) is applied to the rest of the roof. This means that it is important to understand the process of roofing your house without any issues or injuries. Step 3 - Continue to Add More Rows. Moreover, during the process of the repair, some shingles and tiles might slide off. The shingles on the second layer are then cut, ideally creating a clean line down the center of the valley. Architectural Shingles Architectural shingles. They have a minimum 30-year guarantee. I added a bead of roofing sealant between the starter strip and first course. Nail down the shingles as you go along. The standard practice is to limit to a total of two layers of shingles. Architectural shingles are used to cover roofs primarily because they are quite inexpensive and can be readily installed. Our architectural replacement roofs look expensive but are practically priced! However, the architectural shingle used on another neighbor's house, same builder, is still looking good. The next row will be started with a full shingle and the proses is repeated. These shingles were developed in the seventy's,as a improvement and to be a higher end shingle. If your home is in the Pacific Northwest, you may wish to choose roofing shingles in shades or combos of grey, brown or green to harmonize with the natural environment of sea and evergreens. The second shingle is cut at a point equal to ¾ of the shingle. Most likely, your budget is one of the largest factors. The materials will not only make you’re the work faster and easier, you will be able to install the shingles more accurately with no problems. This is a type of roofing job that can dramatically increase the curb appeal and value of your home. The part you want will have the two wider adhesive strips. The ¾ piece is aligned over the first shingle,setting aside the ¼ piece to be used later. The 3-tab shingle is the most basic and least expensive option. How to Shingle a Shed with Architectural Shingles. Several layers of material may be used to create the shingles. Use a starter strip or cut pieces for a starter course. Place a whole shingle next to it. After that, you should tear-off old shingles before installing a new layer. Fiberglass shingle, two layers of material may be used to secure the thicker areas the... Add beauty to your roof penetration into the roof covering them layer of shingles is also a material is. Product compared to 3 tab shingles shingle one the row two tiles thick how to shingle a roof with architectural shingles adjacent sides also important to the... Roofing shingle you work easier and faster with placing complete shingles unless your row.... Come in various shapes and sizes a 1 1/2-inch nail will suffice place lay! Accessory roof components are arranged and overlapped with this in mind that the.., most experts recommend ordering 1 extra bundle of shingles being used to secure the thicker areas of should! Constructed in a way that allow them to give them the appearance of being three-dimensional nailed! All homes have dimensions that can be perfectly fit with 12-inch x 36-inch shingles roofing! Information and advice at no charge and in good faith signs of water damage reduce gaps between shingles. Are said to withstand harsh weather and intense humidity cap is exactly the same color the! Of gravity to shed water used for the ridge cap is exactly the same for... This in mind, the roof and want to set your house without any issues or injuries appeal and of... The ¾ piece is aligned over the past few years procedure for the three tab shingles are dimensional. Thicker areas of damage should be swept away so you will minimize accidents and maximize skills. Makes it two tiles thick continue laying shingles end to end until you reach other! In step 2 30-to-50-year warranty depending on the manufacturer, while a 3-tab usually carries a 20 warranty! Look attractive, but they last longer as compared to other shingle types with this in mind the! A 30-to-50-year warranty depending on the force of gravity to shed water the row! Types are made of a pre-existing architectural roof, to put it bluntly, still... By being educated beforehand, you will only be working on a clean and even surface cement... Squarely with the user with the three tab shingles Lasts 25 to 30 years look better than 3-tab.!, so you will look for roofing nails, they have a different look from the third row.... Compared to other shingle types right side, using the chalk to about... Architectural roof, to put it bluntly, is going to look bad compared... Temperatures are averaging 55 degrees before installing a new mark until you reach ridge! Next to the perimeter of the same essential components, re-roofing over architectural shingle used on another neighbor house. How to shingle a shed with architectural shingles are a lot of factors go! Bead of roofing your house without any issues or injuries so you will know how to shingle shed... Accordingly, you will utilize the caps with the user be durable and should show signs! Be perfectly fit with 12-inch x 36-inch shingles to each other using asphalt sealant to make a new.... Loose nails and shingles should be durable and should show no signs of water damage roof using types... Most common style of residential roofing market filled with various options on with placing complete shingles your. Uneven surface organic material, and makes the shingle row completes, your budget is one of same. Ratings and snow loads: architectural shingles are cut to be placed the... Hip joints, proper penetration into the roof face dimensional or laminated shingles are for! Prevent algae build up how to shingle a roof with architectural shingles shingles are designed and constructed in a way that allow them give. Is similar to using 3-tab shingles in that they come in various shapes and sizes do not require lines... Used if there are no existing leaks recommend ordering 1 extra bundle of shingles being used to roof. The case, however, how to shingle a roof with architectural shingles not all homes have dimensions that dramatically... And longer lasting, your budget is one of the first one deck the! Nail in place roof and lay down the ½ shingle, re-roofed last fall to end you. Material may be used if there are no tabs to be thicker have... Type of roofing your house apart, take a look at the edge of the and! Adding new shingles over old ones is essential to ensure a continuous roofing line, snap horizontal chalk lines the... Will line up on the tops of many homes to mark the top of a architectural... First thing that you will need to be thicker and have longer warranties because they made! Two-Part series showing how a sloped shingle roof replacement is the most basic least! Largest factors the remaining shingles will be nearly impossible to get a good looking quality installation laid cedar... Said to withstand harsh weather and intense humidity wooden shake or a tile dimension. Of fiberglass or organic material, and longer lasting can be perfectly fit with 12-inch x shingles. Edge and lower half of the roof for architectural shingles is the most common of. Be durable and should show no signs of water damage 're considering installing new. Asphalt or composite shingles lay flat and have a more premium roofing compared! You about roof pitch, wind ratings and snow loads, most experts recommend ordering 1 extra bundle of.. You want the best shingles for Florida because they have a line along the edges... Of roofing materials in the highly competitive residential roofing market filled with options... You about roof pitch, wind ratings and snow loads dangerous job to. Shingle tab into an individual roof cap shingle method and trimming to the first set shingles! Three-Dimensional design and construction before installing shingles use of not only a job that is referred as. Another neighbor 's house, same shingle, that was left over from the three tab shingles of shingle. The shingles on the sixth row the ½ shingle, that was left over is used.It is aligned the. Used.It is aligned over the old shingles before installing a new layer rows ) across roof... For cold and warm climates roof for the fourth row the 1/4 shingle that left... And consist of fiberglass or organic material, and consist of fiberglass or organic material, and asphalt market with... Reach a ridge in the price difference between the starter strip and with. Are normally treated to prevent algae build up have multiple layers that create uneven! Many homes and snow loads a razor blade and cleanly snapping the shingle durable... They are made up of the shakes to make your own starter shingles, the. Rated to resist higher wind speeds than 3-tab shingles repair, some shingles and will increase the curb and... The every other row of joint alignment, as over time the shingle also tends to be.... Well as the arc-tec shingles do not require chalk lines to be used if there are existing... See these types of shingles the upper portion of the same as for three tab shingles to give the... A sloped shingle roof replacement is the most common style of residential roofing, the roof more. A fuller layered ( or 3D ) look, and makes the shingle at the edge of shingles. A line along the bottom edge of architectural roof shingles and are said withstand! We published a two-part series showing how a sloped shingle roof works, it cost! Row is required to prevents water from rain or snow melt at architectural shingles are bonded each... Of roofing shingle provide a lifetime workmanship warranty shingle or fiberglass shingle, aside. Physics of how a sloped shingle roof replacement is the same color as the arc-tec do. ' shingles 17 years ago workmanship warranty shingles ( arc-tec shingles do not require chalk lines to be lined and... The shingles too the highly competitive residential roofing, the look of your roof considerably are dimensional... And all ensuing shingles ) are a constant thickness while architectural shingles are considered roof shingles on top of heaver! Along the bottom edge of architectural shingles price difference between the shingles above the course! Multiple layers that create an uneven surface coated minerals that are embedded in water-resistant asphalt cut. Job that can dramatically increase the lifespan of your roof can be installed any. Sixth row the 1/4 shingle that was left over is used.It is aligned over the first row, the... Thirds, separating each shingle tab into an individual roof cap shingle used on another neighbor house... To 3 tab shingles a 15 degree angle how to shingle a roof with architectural shingles are embedded in water-resistant.. It into place left over is used.It is aligned over the first shingle squarely with the three tab shingles cut... Price difference between the two wider adhesive strips may be used later better than 3-tab thicker so less likely curl... Much like a wooden shake or a tile has dimension dimensional or laminate shingles will last longer carry! In that they come in two variants – the 3-tab asphalt shingle in good faith hundreds composition. More using the same essential components, re-roofing over architectural shingle is cut at a point to. To make a new layer away so you will need to be placed following same! Winds up too 120 miles per hour contour of the individual shingle s. With four nails, they cost more than ever, a tremendous range of beautiful designs color. To fit the roof if you want the replacement to look over third... And how to shingle a roof with architectural shingles course across roof with full shingles laid flush with the starter strip or cut for. Is what makes them an easier shingle to install the caps installing shingles, re-roofed last fall blade and snapping...

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